AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acids) Fruit Acids

AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acids) Fruit Acids

INCI: Aqua/Eau/Water, Lemon Extract (Citrus limonum), Pineapple Fruit Extract (Ananas sativus), Passion Flower Fruit Extract (Passiflora edulis), Grape Fruit Extract (Vitis vinifera), Alcohol, Potassium Sorbate

Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) are naturally occurring acids derived from fruit sugars and are prevalent in skincare formulations for their exfoliating properties. Common sources of AHAs include lemon (Citrus limonum), pineapple (Ananas sativus), passion fruit (Passiflora edulis), and grape (Vitis vinifera). These ingredients facilitate the shedding of dead skin cells and stimulate the growth of new, more evenly pigmented skin cells, improving skin texture and tone. Research has shown that AHAs can also increase the production of collagen and glycosaminoglycans, substances in the skin that are vital for maintaining skin structure and moisture (1).

In cosmetics, AHAs are appreciated not only for their anti-aging properties, including reducing fine lines and wrinkles, but also for their ability to improve skin moisture content. As a result, they are included in a wide array of products, ranging from facial cleansers to serums and moisturizers (2).

AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acids) Fruit Acids

Common Name

AHA Fruit Acids

INCI

Aqua/Eau/Water, Lemon Extract (Citrus limonum), Pineapple Fruit Extract (Ananas sativus), Passion Flower Fruit Extract (Passiflora edulis), Grape Fruit Extract (Vitis vinifera), Alcohol, Potassium Sorbate.

Extraction or Production Process

The extraction of AHA Fruit Acids typically involves a process of fermentation and distillation. Fruits such as lemons, pineapples, passion flowers, and grapes are fermented under controlled conditions. The resulting mixture is then distilled to increase the concentration of acids. The process is carefully monitored to ensure that the beneficial properties of the extracts are preserved while achieving the desired acidity level.

Sources

AHAs are sourced from a variety of fruits. For instance, Citric acid is commonly extracted from citrus fruits like lemons; Malic acid from apples and pears; Tartaric acid from grapes; and Glycolic acid from sugarcane. These ingredients are predominantly extracted from the juice or pulp of the fruits.

Country of Origin

The ingredients are sourced globally, depending on the fruit type. For example, lemons are often sourced from Italy, pineapples from countries like Thailand, passion fruit from Brazil, and grapes from France.

Function

In cosmetic formulations, AHAs serve primarily as exfoliants. They help in removing dead skin cells, reducing the appearance of age spots and fine lines, and improving skin texture. AHAs are also known for their ability to enhance skin moisture by increasing the skin's hyaluronic acid content.

    Properties

    AHA Fruit Acids are known for their exfoliating properties. They loosen the bonds between dead skin cells, facilitating their removal and revealing fresher, younger skin beneath. This property makes them highly effective in anti-aging and skin brightening products.

    AHAs are water-soluble acids making them ideal for use in various skincare products. Their properties include increasing cell turnover, brightening skin tone, and improving skin texture.

    Benefits

    The benefits of AHAs include promoting clearer, more youthful skin by accelerating the natural exfoliation process, improving skin hydration, and diminishing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

      Contraindications and Precautions

      While AHAs are generally safe for use in cosmetics, they can increase skin's sensitivity to the sun, necessitating the use of sunscreen as part of a skincare routine. It is generally advised that products containing AHAs should not be used by pregnant women or those with sensitive skin without prior consultation from a dermatologist.

       

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